FINDING BALANCE ALGORITHM
Clients with dementia are often unable to comply with risk factor management strategies.
There is some evidence that physical activity provides a protective role in lowering the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia - in particular resistance training. A side benefit is resistance training specifically moderates the development of sarcopenia. Increased muscle strength has shown to lead to decreased falls and decreased fracture risk.
As not all falls can be prevented, strategies for injury reduction must be considered. Examples include the use of protective equipment such as hip protectors, cushioned floor surfaces, bed or chair alarms, bedside mats and raised mattress edges. Other strategies are low beds positioned against the wall, avoidance of the use of restraints, calming rooms, music, regular toileting and commodes/bottles for night which may reduce the risk of injury.