FINDING BALANCE ALGORITHM
Falls prevention interventions should reflect best available evidence, address the risk profile of the individual or population and fit the setting (community, residential, or acute care). The most effective falls prevention interventions use a multifactorial approach. The Canadian Falls Prevention Curriculum (CFPC©) presents a comprehensive falls prevention model using the acronym "BEEEACH Model" to address Behaviour change, Education, Equipment, Environment, Activity, Clothing and footwear and Health Management.
As not all falls can be prevented, strategies for injury reduction must be considered in some situations. These situations can include individuals with dementia and poor short term memory. Examples of injury reduction strategies include the use of protective equipment such as hip protectors and cushioned floor surfaces. Low bed positions, decreasing clutter to ensure a clear pathway to the bathroom and motion/automatic sensitive lighting are other recommendations.
Falls prevention interventions can include: