FINDING BALANCE ALGORITHM
Multifactorial Falls Risk Assessment
A multifactorial falls risk assessment is a more detailed and systematic process than screening. It is used to identify modifiable and non-modifiable factors that are thought to be contributing to the person’s increased risk of falling. This information will then be used to develop an individualized management plan with interventions targeted at each of the identified modifiable risk factors.
The Canadian Falls Prevention Curriculum (CFPC©) groups risk factors for falls in older persons into Biological/intrinsic, Behavioural, Social/economic, and Environmental categories. As an individual’s number of risk factors increases, so does their risk of falling and sustaining significant injuries.
Evidence supports a multifactorial falls risk assessment completed by a healthcare provider (or providers) with the necessary skills and competencies. In certain circumstances a referral to a specialist (e.g., geriatrician) or a specialty service (e.g., Mobile Falls Prevention Clinic) may be required.
Multifactorial falls risk assessment protocols should include an evaluation of: